Tài liệu Bài tập kiến thức trọng tâm tiếng anh 10 thí điểm (có đáp án) file word

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TRỌNG TÂM KIẾN THỨC TIẾNG ANH LỚP 10 UNIT 1 FAMILY LIFE PART I. LANGUAGE FOCUS 1. Vocabulary chore (n): việc vặt homemaker (n): nội trợ breadwinner (n): người kiếm tiền nuôi gia đình split (v): chia heavy lifting (n-phr): việc mang vác nặng groceries (n): hàng tạp phẩm laundry (n): việc giặt washing - up (n-phr): việc rửa bát đĩa share (v): chia sẻ enormous (adj): rất lớn sociable (adj): hòa đồng nurture (v): nuôi dưỡng balance (v): cân bằng  2. Grammar 2.1. The present simple 2.1.1 Form +) S + V(s/ es) He goes to work. -) S + do/does not + V He does not go to work. ?) Do/Does + S + V? Does he go to work? * Notes: Đổi với thể khẳng định, ta thêm -s hoặc -es vào sau động từ khỉ chủ ngữ ở ngôi thứ 3 số ít (She, He, It, My father, Her cousin, ...). Ví dụ: He goes to school, She brushes her teeth, My father works in a factory ... * Quy tắc thêm -s/es: +) Ta thêm -es vào sau các động từ tận cùng là o, s, ss, ch, sh, x: do —> does, focus —> focuses, discuss —> discusses, watch —> watches, finish —> finishes ... +) Với các động từ tận cùng là y và trước y là phụ âm, ta đổi y thành —ies: try —> tries, carry —> carries ... +) Với đa số các động còn lại ta thêm —s vào sau động từ: learn —> learns, prepare —> prepares, cook —> cooks ... 2.1.2. Use: Thì hiện tại đơn được dùng để nói về: Thói quen hoặc hành động lặp đi lặp lại. e.g. I prepare dinner quite early most days. (Hầu hết mọi ngày tôi đều chuàn bị bữa tối khá sớm) He goes to work every week. (Anh ây đi làm mỗi tuần) Những tình huống ổn định, lâu dài. e.g. I have a villa in Hanoi. (Tôi có một căn biệt thự ở Hà Nội) My sister works in a big company. (Chị gái tôi làm việc cho một công ty lớn) Chân lý hoặc thực tế. e.g. Monkeys do not live in water. (Khỉ không sống dưới nước) If you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils. (Nếu bạn đun nước đến 100 độ c, nó sẽ sôi) Ngoài ra thì hiện tại đơn còn được dùng đe kể chuyện, các bộ phim, kịch, hoặc các cuốn sách. e.g. In "Tom and Jerry", Tom and Jerry live in the same house. (Trong phim hoọt hình "Tom và Jerry", Tom và Jerry sống trong cùng một ngôi nhà) * Note: Các từ chỉ thời gian dùng với thì hiện tại đơn: always, usually, often, sometimes, normally, every day, every week, rarely ... 2. The present continuous 2.1 Form: +) S + am/is/are + Ving They are watching TV. -) S + am/is/are not + V-ingThey are not watching TV. ?) Am/Is/Are +S + V-ing? Are they watching TV? 2.2. Use: Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn được dùng để nóỉ về: Hành động đang xảy ra ngay tại thời điêm nói. E.g. You are holding my hand. (Bọn đang cầm tay tôi) Be quiet! I am listening to English. (Trật tự đi. Mình đang nghe Tiếng Anh) Tình huống tạm thời. E.g. My teacher is living in Singapore now. He will come back Vietnam soon. (Thầy giáo của tôi hiện đang sống ở Singapo. Thầy sẽ quay về Việt Nam sớm) I am not working at the moment. (Hiện tại tôi không làm việc) Xu thế hoặc tình huống đang thay đối. e.g. The price of milk is rising sharply. (Giá sữa đang tăng mạnh) Ngoài ra thì hiện tại tiếp diễn còn dùng để chỉ trích, phàn nàn về các thói quen xấu gây khó chịu cho người khác. e.g. He is always playing truant. (Cậu ấy luôn luôn trốn học) * Note: Các từ chỉ thời gian đi với thì hiện tại tiếp diễn: now, right now, at present, at the moment, currently, this week/month/year... 3. Pronunciation Consonant clusters (các cụm phụ âm): /tr/,/br/, and /kr/ 3.1. Cụm phụ âm /tr/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /t/ và âm đơn /r/ Listen and repeat: (Track 2) truck, trend, train, treat, stream, construct, tree, trouser 3.2. Cụm phụ âm /br/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /b/ và âm đơn /r/ Listen and repeat: (Track 3) Britain, bright, brown, brand, embrace, bridge, brick, browser 3.3. Cụm phụ âm /kr/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /k/và âm đơn /r/ Listen and repeat: (Track 4) cry, cream, crab, croak, scream, crazy, incredible, creative PART II. PRACTICE 1. Listen, repeat and choose the answer you hear. (Track 5) 1. A. tried B. cried C. bride 2. A. browser B . crowner C. trouser 3. A. cream B . bream C. stream 4. A. brick B . crick C. trick 5. A. tread B. bread C. creak 2. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. His mom always does the laundry at 8 every evening. 2. At the moment, he is watching his favorite film on Channel 5. 3. Every day, Jane washes the dishes but today James is doing the washing - up. 4. We divide the duties in our family. I cook, my husband helps with heavy lifting, and my daughter takes out the rubbish. 5. When everyone works together on household chores, it creates a positive atmosphere for the family. 6. This shop usually offers the same discount every month. 7. “What is he doing" - “He is trying to fix the computer.” 8. The number of people who are homeless is decreasing dramatically this quarter. 9. My brother - in - law possesses 3 restaurants in Ho Chi Minh City. 10. Her parents normally travel by plane, but this holiday they are travelling by train. 3. Complete the following sentences. 1. He has an amazing collection of robots at present. 2. Peter and John are having/drinking a cup of coffee right now. 3. Look! That monkey is dancing/eating bananas 4. “Where is your father?” - “He is decorating/painting the living room.” 5. The population of the world is increasing/decreasing rapidly. 4. Find and correct mistakes in the following sentences. 1. What are you doing to your sister when she behaves badly? (do you do) 2. I always have my lunch late, but I have my lunch early today as I have an appointment. (am having) 3. I am doing the laundry at the same time every week. (do) 4. Linda is going shopping when she has time. (goes) 5. Peter works hard to get the presentation ready for next week. (is working) PART III: TEST YOURSELF 1. Gap - filling: Choose the suitable words from the box to complete the sentences. 2. breadwinner 9. enormous 3. groceries 8. for 5. washing - up 1. homemaker 10. sociable 4. laundry 7. shares 6. chores 1. A _____________ is a person who manages a home and often raises children instead of earning money from a job. 2. A _____________ is the member of a family who earns the money that the family needs.  3. In a food store, shop or supermarket, you can buy a lot of _____________ such as food and clothes. 4. There are a lot of dirty clothes and sheets in Tom’s room, so it’s time for him to do his _______ 5. Traditionally, girls have to do ____________ which consists of cleaning plates, pans, glasses, forks, etc. after a meal. 6. When I’ve done my _______________ which involve cleaning the floor and washing the curtain, I will go out with my friends. 7. In my family, everyone ______________ the household duties. My mother cooks, my father cleans, my sister does all the laundry and I do the washing - up. 8. In many cultures, a father is the breadwinner, who is responsible _____________ the family finances. 9. A variety of people do not realize the ______________ benefits of joining hands to do housework in a family. 10. At school, Jack is very ________________ with his teachers and friends. He likes to meet and spend time with them. 2. Match each word/phrase on the left with its description on the right. 1. vulnerable + e 2. nurture + d 3. extended family + b a. being of equal weight or force b. consisting of three or even four generations c. needing effort and energy to move 4. heavy lifting + c d. taking care of, feeding and protecting 5. balance + a e. easy to be hurt 3. Word formation: Give the correct form of the words in brackets. 1. To be fair, we need to divide the tasks equally (equal) 2. My mom and dad are checking the preparation for their gold wedding anniversary. (prepare) 3. Heavy lifting is an action which requires physical strength, (physic) 4. It is good for them as individuals and good for all the relationships within the family. (relate) 5. Psychologists say that a lot of young people are not aware of these advantages. (Psychology) 6. Her contribution to the company is enormous, (contribute) 7. In order to maintain peace, we should not be critical of each other, (criticize) 8. I want to see the very cute and lovely children at nursery schools, (nurse) 9. Mary and her husband always join hands in educating their daughters, (educate) 10. A person will be considered ungrateful if he or she does not take good care of his or her parents or grandparents. (grate) 4. Choose the best answer. 1. Women whose husbands do not contribute to household chores are more vulnerable to illness. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. happy B. easy to be hurt C. hard D. friendly 2. Tom: “Which of the chores do you dislike doing the most?” - Jerry: “ _________________” A. I like cooking and sweeping the floor. B. I do the laundry, cook and wash the dishes. C. Well, my favorite activity is doing the washing - up. D. Washing the dishes, because I often break things when I do the washing - up. 3. As a housewife, she stays at home and _________ her children. She takes care of them, feeds them and protects them to develop. A. nurtures B . nurture C . nature D. natures 4. It is unfair to state that a woman’s job is to look ______ everyone in the family and takes care ______ the house. A. in - on B. after - in C. of - of D. after - of 5. “The lecturer splits the students into four groups” has the closest meaning to: A. The lecturer divides the students into four groups. B. The lecturer divided the students into four groups. C. The lecturer goes into four groups of students. D. The lecturer went into four groups of students. 6. “They equally share the parenting” has the closest meaning to: A. They are all unemployed. B. They take care of each other. C. They come back home at the same time. D. They share the housework and childcare evenly. 7. ___________ is the state where things are of equal weight or force. A. Balance B. Changing C. Moving D. Importance 8. David’s part - time job requires a lot of ___________Therefore, he usually carries the boxes weighing up to 50 kilos and he needs effort and energy to move them. A. light lifting B . easy carrying C. heavy lifting D. simple chores 9. According to a survey, a lot of young people prefer to live in ________ families which consist of parents and children. A. nuclear B . extended C. three generation D. four generation 10. The _________ family, which consists of three or even four generations is only popular in some regions today. A. nuclear B. extended C . intended D. small 11. I can’t answer the phone now. I _______ dinner. A. cook B . cooking C. am cooking D. cooks 12. Excuse me, _________ you _______ your newspaper? Could I borrow it? A. are read B. are reading C. do - reading D. do - read 13. My mum usually __________ the washing - up. A. do B . doing C. is doing D. does 14. I am afraid he can’t go out with you right now. He _________ his car. A. repair B. repairs C. repairing D. is repairing 15. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. cereal B. critical C. create D. crack 16. We ____________ how to use energy more efficiently now than in the past. A. knows B . are knowingC. knowing D. know 17. Choose the answer which needs correcting. As the air is rising (A), it becomes cooler (B) and the water vapor inside it (C) changes into droplets of water (D). 18. Choose the answer which needs correcting. From (A) the graphs, we can see (B) that the number of employees employed (C) by this firm increases (D) each year. 19. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. cook B. December C. decide D. cereal 20. Choose the answer which needs correcting. I wear (A) casual clothes because we (B)are having a (C) party at (D) lunchtime. 5. Rearrange the words/phrases to make meaningful sentences. 1. is / at the moment. / The / improving / financial / company’s / situation / The company's financial situation is improving at the moment. 2. want/ the / Be / to / quiet! / hear / I / news. Be quiet! I want to hear the news. 3. retiring / Linda / is / of / thinking / early / she/ anymore./ because / isn’t / happy / at work / Linda is thinking of retiring early because she isn't happy at work anymore. 4. of / The / wild / number / falling./ butterflies / is The number of wild butterflies is falling. 5. oil supplies / Some experts / say / will / the next 20 years./ start / to fall / within / that / Some experts say that oil supplies will start to fall within the next 20 years. 6. Read the passage and choose the best answer. Todays _______ (1) for measurable childhood success-from the Common Core to college placement-have chased ________ (2) chores from the to-do lists of many young people. In a survey of 1,001 U.S. adults released last fall by Braun Research, 82% reported having regular chores growing up, but only 28% said that they require their own children to do them. With students _________ (3) pressure to learn Mandarin, run the chess club or get a varsity letter, chores have fallen victim to the imperatives of resume-build- ing-though it is hardly clear that such activities are a better use of their time. “Parents today want their kids spending time on things that can bring ________ (4) success, but ironically, we’ve stopped doing one thing that’s actually been a proven predictor of success-and that’s household chores,” says Richard Rende, a developmental psychologist in Paradise Valley, Ariz., and co-author of the forthcoming book “Raising Can-Do Kids.” Decades of studies _______ (5) the benefits of chores-academically, emotionally and even professionally. By JENNIFER BREHENY WALLACE 1. A. demand B. demands C . interest D. interests 2. A. household B . social C . breadwinner D. society 3. A. on B . for C.of D. under 4. A. him B . it C. them D. they 5. A. show B . showing C . shows D. is showing 6. How many percent of U.S. adults require their own children to do household chores? A 82 B. 28 C. 100 D. 54 7. What do parents today want their kids to spend time on? A. things that can bring them success B. things that they can C. leisure D. sports UNIT 2 YOUR BODY AND YOU PART I. LANGUAGE FOCUS 1. Vocabulary incredible (adj): không thể tin được Alzheimer’s disease (n): bệnh mất trí nhớ boost (v): tăng skeleton (n): bộ xương skeletal (adj): thuộc bộ xương brain (n): bộ não circulatory (adj): thuộc tuần hoàn digestive (adj): thuộc tiêu hóa respiratory (adj): thuộc hô hấp  nerve(n): dây thần kinh nervous (adj): thuộc thần kinh stomach (n): dạ dày intestine (n): ruột spine (n): xương sống skull (n): hộp sọ acupuncture (n): châm cứu originate (v): bắt nguồn từ practice (n): sự hành nghề harmony (n): sự hài hòa promote (v): thúc đẩy yin (n): âm yang (n): dương ease (v): làm dịu ailment (n): bệnh acupoint (n): huyệt châm cứu = acupuncture point/pressure point stimulate (v): kích thích precaution (n): sự đề phòng bleeding (n): sự chảy máu soreness (n): sự đau nhức side effect (n): tác dụng phụ reliable (adj): đáng tin cậy alternative (adj/n): thay thế/ sự thay thế aromatherapy (n): sự xoa bóp bằng tinh dầu thơm allergy (n): sự dị ứng be rooted in : bắt nguồn từ 2. Grammar 2.1. The simple future: will 2.1.1. Form: +) s + will + V They will buy a house. -) s + will not + V We will not buy a house. ?) Will + s + V? Will he buy a house? Contractions: won’t = will not, 'll = will 2.1.2. Use: Thì tương lai đơn được dùng để nói về: > Một phỏng đoán về tương lai dựa trên quan điểm cá nhân. e.g. I think it will rain heavily tomorrow. (Tôi nghĩ ngày mai trời sẽ mưa lớn) I guess he will take part in that competition. (Mình đoán bạn âý sẽ tham gia cuộc thi đó) > Các sự kiện mang tính tập thể trong tương lai. e.g. Our football team will play five matches next month. (Tháng tới đội bóng của chúng ta sẽ chơi năm trận) > Quyết định được đưa ra ngay tại thời điểm nói. e.g. Tom: Do you know any information about this course? Peter: No, I don’t. Look! It sounds interesting. I’ll enroll it this afternoon. (Tom: Bọn có biết thông tin về khóa học này không? Peter: Mình không biết. Hãy nhìn này. Nó có vẻ hay đó. Mình sẽ đăng kí khóa học này chiểu nay) > Lời hứa hoặc lời đề nghị. e.g. Don’t worry. I’ll repair your car. (Đừng lo. Tôi sẽ sửa xe cho anh) I’ll give you a lift back to the town when I finish my work. (Tôi sẽ cho bạn đi nhờ xe về thành phố khi tôi làm xong việc) * Note: Các từ chỉ thời gian dùng với thì tương lai đơn: tonight, tomorrow, next week, next month, next year, when + thì hiện tại đơn ... 2.2. The near future: be going to 2.2.1. Form: +) s + am/is/are + going to + V We are going to decorate our house. -) s + am/is/are not + going to + V We are not going to decorate our house. ?) Am/Is/Are +s + going to + V? Are you going to decorate your house? 2.2.2. Use: Thì tương lai gẩn được dùng để nói về: > Một phỏng đoán về tương lai dựa trên cơ sở thực tế. e.g. The sky is extremely dark. It is going to rain heavily. (Bầu trời rất tối. Trời sắp mưa lớn rồi) > Quyết định đã được đưa ra trước thời điểm nói. e.g. Tom: Do you know any information about this course? Peter: Yes, I do. I am going to enroll it this afternoon. (Tom: Bạn có biết thông tin về khóa học này không? Peter: Mình biết. Mình sẽ đàng kí khóa học này chiều nay) * Note: Các từ chỉ thời gian dùng với thì tương lai gần: tonight, tomorrow, next week, next month, next year... 2.3. The passive voice 2.3.1. Form: be + past participle +) HTD: am/is/are + past participle A house is built +) QKD: were/was + past participle A house was built +) HTTD: am/is/are + being + past participle A house is being built +) QKTD: were/was + being + past participle A house was being built +) HTHT: have/has + been + past participle A house has been built +) QKHT: had + been + past participle A house had been built +) will/should/can/could/must + be + past participle A house will be built * Note: place + by agent + time e.g. A party was organized in this house by a group of students last year. 2.3.2. Use: Chúng ta dùng câu bị động khi chúng ta muốn nhấn mạnh đôi tượng chịu tác động của hành động hoặc không muốn đề cập đến đối tượng gây ra hành động. e.g. This machine was produced before World War II. (Cái máy này được sản xuất từ trước Chiến tranh thế giới thứ 2) 3. Pronunciation Consonant clusters (các cụm phụ âm): /pr/, /pl/, /gi/, and /gr/ 3.1. Cụm phụ âm /pr/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /p/ và âm đơn /r/ Listen and repeat (Track 6): prevent, pray, praise, prepare, practice, precede, protect, improve 3.2. Cụm phụ âm /pl/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /p/ và âm đơn /I/ Listen and repeat (Track 7): placement, plain, plan, plane, planet, implement, complete, plastic 3.3. Cụm phụ âm /gl/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /g/ và âm đơn /I/ Listen and repeat (Track 8): glacial, glare, global, glove, glow, glucose, gluttony, igloo  3 4. Cụm phụ âm /gr/: là sự kết hợp của âm đơn /g/ và âm đơn /r/ Listen and repeat (Track 9): graceful, grade, gradation, graduate, grain, graphic, greet, groove PART II. PRACTICE 1.Listen, repeat and choose the answer you hear. (Track 10) 1. A. play B . pray C. gray 2. A. place B. grace C. praise 3. A. proud B. plough C. glow 4 A. playedB. grade C. praised 5. A. grass B. glass C. plash 2. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. I guess I will finish my assignment for this semester on time. 2. They have bought a couple of tickets and they are going to see their favorite film at the cinema. 3. Ana: Do you know that John has been in hospital? ~ Jessica: No, I don’t. I will visit him tomorrow. 4. Mai: This bag is too heavy! ~ Nam: Don’t worry. I will carry it for you. 5. I think that the number of people who are homeless will decrease dramatically next quarter. 6. The same discount is offered by this shop every month. 7. Human body can be supported by a spine. 8. A box full of chocolate was sent to him yesterday. 9. More than 10 pages have been typed so far. 10. Every day, the dishes are washed by Jane but today the washing - up is being done by James. 3. Complete the following sentences. 1. He has already received his driving license. He is going to drive to school 2. Don’t worry. I will carry this heavy box for you. 3. Oxygen is taken in and carbon dioxide is driven out when you breathe. 4. Food is stored in stomach before being digested 5. They were told a funny story by their teacher last Saturday. 4.Find and correct mistakes in the following sentences. 1. As planned, we will drive from our city to the sea. (are going to drive) 2. Look at the clouds. It will rain. (is going to rain) 3. 17 muscles are use when we smile or frown. (are used) 4. The house is built 10 years ago. (was built) 5. The heart can said to be the most sophisticated and efficient pump as it runs without rest for one’s whole life. (can be said) PART III: TEST YOURSELF 1. Gap - filling: Choose the suitable words from the box to complete the sentences. 5. consumed 9. asleep 2. boost 8. spoil 4. supported 7. hanging out 1. prevent 6. balance 3. pumps 10. sleeplessness 1. This helps you both protect your respiratory system and some _____________ diseases like lung cancer. 2. If you abuse too much coffee, you can’t ___________ your brain’s memory functions. 3. The heart _______________ blood through the blood vessels to bring oxygen to all parts of the body. 4. Our body is ____________ by the skeletal system which is made up of our bones. 5. Many people don’t know that the same amount of power as a 10-watt light bulb is __________ by the brain. 6. It is believed that the ___________ between yin and yang is well known in Asian countries. 7. You should be aware that _____________ with friends i one of the good ways for you to be motivated. 8. Onions and garlic are 2 types of food which _________ your breath for days after a meal. 9. In some cases, taking medicine can help you fall ______________ 10. A lot of people agree that ________________ is caused by using caffeine containing food. 2. Match each word/phrase on the left with its description on the right. 1. acupuncture + b a. an unpleasant effect of a drug 2. allergy + d b. inserting fine needles in the skin at the specific points 3. healing capability + e c. reason(s) for believing that something is or is not true 4. evidence + c d. a response by the body to the substance like food or pollen 5. side effect + a` e. the ability of the body to recover 3. Word formation: Give the correct form of the words in brackets. 1. Skeletal system of the body is made up of our bones. It supports our body and protects our organs, (skeleton) 2. Food is broken by the digestive system and turned into energy, (digest) 3. Acupuncture is one of the oldest medical treatments in the world, (medicine) 4. The recipe for this dish originated in Japan a long time ago. (origin) 5. The practice of acupuncture involves placing hair-thin needles in various pressure points throughout the body. (vary) 6. Originally , there were 365 acupoints, but this has increased to more than 2000 nowadays. (origin) 7. People who are taking blood related medicine should not have the treatment (treat) 8. Exercising regularly is a powerful weapon to enhance psychological well-being. (psychology) 9. It has been scientifically proved that fasting has tremendous health benefits, (science) 10. Although there are unanswered questions, acupuncture appears to work. (answer) 4. Choose the best answer. 1. Nowadays, there is estimated to be more than 2000 acupoints throughout the human body. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. stress B. pressure points C. paints D. lines 2. Tom: “Do you know what the saying “kick a habit” means?” - Jerry: " ________" A. Wow, she has a good habit. B. I think it has the same meaning to getting rid of a habit. C. I don’t mean that. D. Are you kidding? 3. I have been given 10 tricks to get rid of my bad habits and _______ them with healthy ones. A. replace B . keep C . nurture D. raise 4. The digestive system lets us break down the food we eat and turn it ______ energy. A. on B. after C. of D. into 5. “The lecturer splits the students into four groups.” has the closest meaning to: A. The students are divided into four groups. B. The lecturer divided the students into four groups C. The lecturer is split into four groups of students D. The lecturer went into four groups of students 6. In the past, it was misunderstood that inner body parts were _________ by the fine needles in practicing acupuncture. A. touch B. rush C. touched D. rushed 7. The _________ system controls the movement and emotion of our body. A. nerve B. nervous C. circulate D. generous 8. The heart and blood vessels are parts of the __________ system. A. certain B. circle C. circulatory D. circumstance 9. Only humans produce ____________ tears. A. emotional B. crocodile C. feel D. false 10. To be recognized, this research must offer real evidence. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. knowledge B. exist C. condition D. proof 11. I am afraid you can’t borrow his car right now. It _________ in the garage. A. is repaired B. repairs C. repairing D. is being repaired 12. Up to the present, 14 books ________ by Jane, a friend of mine. A. have been written B . are written C. were written D. will be written 13. The washing - up ____________ carefully. A. should do B . should done C. should be done D. should be do 14. The acupoints _____________ to enhance the healing capability of the body itself. A. stimulate B . stimulating C. stimulated D. are stimulated 15. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. crazy B. cream C. crown D. decide 16. Lately, several oils, including rose and lemon, _________ to relieve anxiety, stress and depression. A. show B . have shown C. have show D. have been shown 17. Choose the answer which needs correcting. People say that (A) this house has been built (B) by an old (C) man 12 years (D) ago. 18. Choose the answer which needs correcting. From (A) the graphs, we can see (B) that the number of employees who employed (C) by this firm is increasing (D) each year. 19. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. cook B. necessary C. decide D. cereal 20. Choose the answer which needs correcting. The cells covering (A) the walls of (B) the stomach will soon be dissolved (C) by the acids if they aren’t constantly replace (D). 5. Rearrange the words/phrases to make meaningful sentences. 1. to / ? / visit / going / this / Where / summer / are / holiday / you Where are you going to visit this summer holiday? 2. is / a / that / It / scientists will / this / soon discover / new treatment / believed / for / disease.  It is believed that scientists will soon discover a new treatment for this disease. 3. many / is / How / our / atoms / ? / body / made up of How many atoms is our body made up of? 4. to / ailments / Vietnamese health beliefs / an /, / According / by / are / yin and yang. / caused / imbalance of According to Vietnamese health beliefs, ailments are caused by an imbalance of yin and yang. 5. into / converted / system. / is / energy / the / Food / digestive /in Food is converted into energy in the digestive system. 6. Read the passage and choose the best answer. Fact Sheet on Body Parts Fun Facts on Body Parts Fun Fact 1: The basic parts of a human body can be ____________ (1) as head, neck, torso, two arms, two hands, two legs and two feet. Fun Fact 2: Our bodies are made_________ (2) of trillions of tiny living cells, each one performs a special task, together they form our body parts which includes 206 bones, 640 muscles and 22 internal organs. Fun Fact 3: The _______________ (3) name for the study of body parts and their structures is anatomy. Fun Fact 4: Body parts can be identified through different human body systems including; the circulatory system, nervous system, respiratory system, digestive system, skeletal system and the muscular system. Fun Fact 5: Different types of cells __________ (4) to make up our body parts, some examples of body cells include: skin cells, muscle cells, nerve cells and fat cells. Fun Fact 6: How many scientific parts does a human being have? The Terminología Anatómica (TA) is the international standard on human anatomic language; it has 7,500 human elements listed. Fun Fact 7: Your biggest body part is your skin! ____________ (5) 2 square metres of skin covers the surface area of your body. Fun Fact 8: We have body parts that we don’t need! Our bodies are able to ________ (6) without our appendix, tonsils, wisdom teeth and little toes. Fun Fact 9: A foot contains more parts than your probably think; 26 bones, 33 joints and over 100 muscles and tendons! Fun Fact 10: Did you know that your ears and nose are the only parts of your body that will continue to grow throughout your life? Fun Fact 11: Fascinating fact! Did you know that 50% of human DNA is same as the DNA in a banana? Humans also have over 95% ________________ (7) DNA with chimpanzees! Fun Fact 12: Did you know that the tooth is the only part of the human body that cannot repair itself? Our teeth are _________ (8) with enamel, which is not a living tissue this means it cannot repair itself. If we chip or break a tooth we need to visit a _________ (9) to have it repaired. Fun Fact 13: The masseter is the strongest muscle in the human body, it is the muscle we use to chew; it is capable of pulling up to 80 times its own weight. Fun Fact 14: Funny fact! A human has the same number of bones in its neck as a giraffe; they both have seven bones in their neck - the giraffe’s neck bones are just a bit longer! Fun Fact 15: All of your body parts require the same 3 requirements; food, water and oxygen. Make sure that you eat ____________ (10), drink lots of water and exercise regularly to help your body work well for you! 1. A. satisfied B. identified C . satisfy D. identify 2. A. in B . on C. up D. for 3. A. scientific B. scientist C. scientifically D. science 4. A. combine B. concern C. compare D. commit 5. A. Appropriately B. Approximate C. Approximately D. Appropriate 6. A. functioned B. functioning C functions D. function 7. A. practical B. identical C . proposal D. critical 8. A. checked B . cleaned C . painted D. coated 9. A. artist B. dentistC . dental D. art 10. A. unhealthy B . healthy C . health D. healthily UNIT 3 MUSIC PART I. LANGUAGE FOCUS 1. Vocabulary passionate (adj): say mê deceiving (adj): lừa dối biography (n): tiểu sử talent (n): tài năng talented (adj): có tài năng solo (adj): đơn ca debut (n/v): đầu tay, đầu tiên album (n): tuyển tập achieve (v): đạt được achievement (n): thành tựu rhythm (n): nhịp điệu emphasize (v): nhấn mạnh romantic love (n): tình yêu lứa đôi contest (n): cuộc thi entrant (n): thí sinh = contestant judge (n): giám khảo devotee (n): người hâm mộ = enthusiast ardent (adj): cuồng nhiệt adore (v): tôn thờ extract (n): đoạn trích release (v): phát hành, tung ra platinum (n): danh hiệu dành cho ca sĩ hoặc nhóm nhạc có tuyến tập nhạc phát hành từ 1 triệu bản trở lên territory (n): vùng lãnh thổ worldwide (adj/adv): khắp thế giới = global phenomenon (n): hiện tượng launch (v): tung ra air (v): phát (chương trình) eliminate (v): loại composer (n): nhạc sĩ child prodigy (n): thần đồng renowned (adj): nổi tiếng = noted celebrity (n): người nổi tiếng nuance (n): sắc thái melody (n): giai điệu 2. Grammar 2.1. Compound sentences: câu ghép 2.1.1. Form: Sentence 1 +, and/or/but/so/yet/for + sentence 2 e.g. He bought that car last year, and it was used regularly. (Anh ấy mua chiếc xe đó năm ngoái và nó đã được dùng thường xuyên.) * Note: Coordinating conjunction (liên từ kết hợp): and/or/but/so/yet/for 2.1.2. Use: > Câu ghép là câu gồm hai câu đơn nối với nhau bởi liên từ kết hợp and or/but/so/yet/for và chúng ta dùng dấu phẩy (,) trước liên từ kết hợp. e.g Ana doesn’t have much money, but she is willing to share wi the poor.  (Ana không có nhiều tiền nhưng cô ấy vẫn sẵn sàng chia sẻ với người nghèo.) * Note: Khi ta dùng 2 động từ cùng nhau thì dạng thức của động từ thứ 2 phụ thuộc vào động từ thứ nhất, nó có thể là: to V, V hoặc V-ing. Trong bài này chúng ta xem xét 2 trường hợp to V và V 2.2. “to” infinitive: động từ nguyên thể có “to” Động từ nguyên thể có “to” thường theo sau các động từ sau: agree, aim, appear, arrange, attempt, be able, be likely, claim, decide, deserve, fail, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, promise, refuse, seem, tend, try. e.g. His employees try to finish the project. (Nhân viên của anh ấy cố gắng hoàn tất dự án.) Her students are able to communicate in English successfully. (Học sinh của cô ấy có thể giao tiếp bằng Tiếng Anh thành công.) David deserves to get mark 10 because he studies very hard and has appropriate strategies. (David đáng được điểm 10 vì cậu ấy học rất chăm và có các chiến lược phù hợp.) * Note: một số động từ được theo sau bởi tân ngữ + to infinitive: advise, allow, encourage, force, get, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn ... e.g. His father advised him to work as a volunteer. (Bố cậu ấy khuyên cậu ấy làm tình nguyện viên)  My students always remind me to send them extra exercises. (Học sinh của mình luôn nhắc mình gửi bài tập làm thêm cho các bạn ấy.) 2.3. Infinitive without "to": động từ nguyên thể không "to" Động từ nguyên thể không “to” thường theo sau các động từ sau + tân ngừ: feel, hear, help, let, make, notice, see, watch. e g. His parents let him make his own decision. (Bố mẹ cậu ấy để cậu ấy tự quyết đinh.) They made John pay fee. (Họ bắt John đóng phí.) * Note: help + V/to V I help him leam/to learn English every day. to be made + to V He was made to clean the floor last night. 3. Pronunciation Sound clusters (các cụm âm): /-est/, /- ∂nt/, and /- eit/ 3.1. Cụm âm /-est/: Listen and repeat (Track 11): protest, west, nest, contestant, investment, conquest, digest, congested 3.2. Cụm âm /- ant/: Listen and repeat (Track 12 ): placement, important, excellent, crescent, protestant, accident, movement, recent 3.3. Cụm âm /- eit/: Listen and repeat (Track 13): great, debate, concentrate, relate, roommate, decorate, plate, evaluate PART II. PRACTICE 1. Listen, repeat each sentence and choose the word you hear. (Track 14) 1. A. pleasant B. present C. crescent 2. A. rate B. rest C. rat 3. A. invest B . invade C. relate 4. A. playedB. grade C. praised 5. A. grass B. glass C. crass 2. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. They let us use (use) this room for our study. 2. I decided to do (do) a hotel management course in 2012 . 3. Their clients agree to pay (pay) by check. 4. Recently, her husband has made her stay (stay) at home. 5. The course helps me to understand (understand) my cat better. 6. Their family didn’t want to move (move) to Scotland last year. 7. Taking part in many contests has taught me to perform (perform) more confidently. 8. He was made to hand (hand) over all of his property. 9. Have you ever hoped to see (see) your idol in real life? 10. I chose not to participate (not participate) in that competition. 3. Complete the following sentences. 1. You should hand in your assignment on time if you want to get good marks 2. When your dog barks frequently, you need to find out the reasons 3. Look at his car. It definitely needs to be washed. 4. Well, with my English class, my teacher was so supportive that I tried very hard to please her. 5. Peter and Jane weren’t able to see the concert because they forgot to bring the tickets. 4. Find and correct mistakes in the following sentences. 1. Her family and friends advised her concentrate on study. (to concentrate) 2. Teachers can still be creative and let their students to decide how they learn. (decide) 3. They wanted her consider their advice before she made up her mind.(to consider) 4. Parents should try make their home stimulating. (to make) 5. Your receptionist told me take a seat while she dealt with some oth customers. (to take) PART III: TEST YOURSELF I. Gap - filling: Choose the suitable words from the box to complete the sentences. 6. launched 7. eliminate 4. post 10. emphasize 9. typically 5. renowned 1. biography 2. passionate 8. originated 3. idol 1. By having a look at her ___________ , we can know more about her. 2. We need to recognize that when people adore a job, they are _________ about it and they are likely to work successful with it. 3. Nowadays, it is said that a lot of teenagers blindly or excessively adore their _______________ 4. In order to be noticed by many people, he has started to _______________ his homemade videos on the internet lately. Some people say that this is not a good way to be famous. 5. In the past, it was hard for people to be noted, but today, this has changed. They can become ____________ with the aid of advertisement and promotion. 6. Few viewers have watched this program since it first ______________ in our country because it has been interfered with a lot of advertisement. 7. To make sure that there are only competent candidates for the next round, they _____________ the ones that can’t answer correctly 5 first questions. 8. Quan Ho singing _____________ in Bac Ninh Province in the 13th century, and is sung at spring festivals. 9. A dangdut band ______________ consists of a male or female lead singer, who is backed by an unusual mix of musical instruments. 10. His works often ___________ on the values of family life as well as the relationship among people in society. 2. Match each word/phrase on the left with its description on the right. 1. composer + c 2. rhythm +a 3. launch + d 4. contestant + b 5. judge + e a. a strong regular repeated pattern of sounds or movements b. a person who takes part in a contest c. a person who writes music d. to make a product available to the public for the first time e. a person who decides who has won a competition 3. Word formation: Give the correct form of the words in brackets. 1. He looks passonate on stage. (passion) 2. This is one of the most successful entertainment formats in the UK. It attracts a significantly huge number of audience, (success) 3. The contestants have to get over that challenge to win in this contest. (contest) 4. Is Vietnam Idol an original program or a franchised one? (origin)  5. Van Cao is known as one of the most important composers of modern Vietnamese music. (compose) 6. His song, Tien Quan Ca, is the national anthem of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, (nation) 7. After his death received the Ho Chi Minh prize. (die) 8. Exercising regularly is a powerful weapon to enhance psychological well-being. (psychology) 9. His important achievement is to invent the instrumental ballade. (achieve) 10. The male singers will sing their challenge phrase with a different melody, like musical ping pong. (differ) 4. Choose the best answer. 1. This reality TV show soon became a worldwide phenomenon. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. nation B. national C. global D. globe 2. William: “How did she become famous?” - Scot: “____________” A. Yes, she became famous. B. Five years ago. C. She took part in a lot of contests. D. It's unbelievable that she was famous.  3. He was also the first ____________ artist to have four singles to enter the Top 40. A. chorus B. solo C. simple D. private 4. This figure graduated ____________ a very famous music school and devoted his life to arts. A. on B. from C. of D. into 5. “They made Peter create a Quan Ho performance" has the closest meaning to: A. Peter made to create a Quan Ho performance. B. Peter was made to create a Quan Ho performance. C. Peter was made create a Quan Ho performance. D. Peter was created a Quan Ho performance. 6. Because of its significance, this reality TV program has been __________ by thousands of viewers all over the country. A. done B. watched C. washed D. produced 7. He was one of the most prominent __________ during the international liberation movements. A. math B. numbers C. figures D. calculation 8. The football match was wonderful at the beginning __________ , it was awful at the end. A. but B. and C. or D. so 9. These days, things have become more convenient; for example, you can buy airline tickets at air agencies, ________________ you can purchase them online. A. yet B . for C . so D. or 10. This will be a hopeful season of this entertainment format to air in the near future. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. breathe out B. breathe in C. broadcast D. inhale 11. You should feel happy because your mum and dad always encourage you ________hard. A. work B. to work C. worked D. working 12. I think that they will not agree to let you __________ out late at night. A. go B. going C. to go D. gone 13. He is looking forward ______________ the result from this contest A. receive B. receiving C. to receive D. to receiving 14. It took my teacher nearly three years __________ his research on motivating students in learning English by using wore games. A complete B. to completing C. completed D. to complete 15. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differentl from the others. A request B. protest C. nest D. harvest 16. Lately, several oils, including rose and lemon, have been shown _________ anxiety, stress and depression. A. relieve B. to relieve C. to relieved D. to relieving 17. Choose the answer which needs correcting. Her fans admit that (A) her voice (B) is beautiful, and (C) her performance (D) is not skillful. 18. Choose the answer which needs correcting. Three days (A) ago, Mary asked her (B) teachers give (C) her some (D) advice. 19. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. confident B. indent C. measurement D. encouragement 20. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. accurate B. concentrate C. penetrate D. accommodate 5. Rearrange the words/phrases to make meaningful sentences. 1. helped / This / to / course / fears. / has / me / overcome / my This course has helped me to overcome my fears. 2. composer, / He / he / was / health. / a gifted / but / had to / poor / suffer He was a gifted composer, but he had to suffer poor health. 3. on / managed / you / finish / assignment / time? / Have / to / your Have you managed to finish your assignment on time? 4. to / ailments / Vietnamese health beliefs / an /,/ According / by / are / yin and yang. / caused / imbalance of. According to Vietnamese health beliefs, ailments are caused by an imbalance of yin and yang. 5. independently. / the new / style, teachers / With / let / learning / us / work With the new learning style, teachers let us work independently. 6. Read the passage and choose the best answer. Fun Facts About the Saxophone A relatively new-kid-on-the block as instruments go, the saxophone _____________ (1) invented less than 200 years ago! Here is a short sampling of facts about this versatile instrument. While typically constructed of brass, the saxophone is _________ (2) a member of the woodwind family. The sax earns this classification because of the way sound is produced: a player’s embouchure creates an airtight seal over the mouthpiece, vibrating a single reed in the manner of a clarinet. Brass instruments, _______________ (3) contrast, are played by buzzing one’s lips on the rim of the mouthpiece. Despite the previous statement that saxes are usually made of brass, there are exceptions. Some models are made partially (or even entirely) of more precious ___________ (4) such as bronze, copper, or sterling silver. A few models of plastic saxophones have been produced over the years. In the 1950s and 1960s, acrylic plastic alto saxes were popularly available under the brand name Grafton. The bodies of these instruments were ___________ (5) of then state-of-theart injection-molded plastic, the keys being made of metal. Famous players known to occasionally perform on Grafton saxophones include Charlie Parker and Ornette Coleman. One of the most important _____________ (6) of a saxophone’s sound is the mouthpiece a player uses. On the subject of unusual materials, saxophone mouthpieces were originally made of wood. At first, they were made out of softer woods such as boxwood and later, ________ (7) harder wood such as grenadilla and rosewood. A few boutique manufacturers such as Theo Wanne still make wooden mouthpieces today. Upon the invention of vulcanized rubber, hard rubber mouthpieces became popular _________ (8) their strength and versatility; rubber mouthpieces remain extremely popular to this day with both jazz and classical players. As an alternative, many professional players also like to use metal _________ (9), which tend to allow for a powerful tone that projects mightily. Plastic mouthpieces are the most popular choice of mouthpiece for beginners as they are easy to make, durable, (10) __________ relatively inexpensive. There are even a few manufacturers out there making ceramic mouthpieces! 1. A. are B . were C. was D. is 2. A. actually B . true C . actual D. truth 3. A. to B. by C.of D. at 4. A. liquorsB . water C . bricks D. metals 5. A. done B . used C. made D. let 6. A. ingredients B. components C . functions D. condition 7. A. primary B . prime C. primarily D. price 8. A. due to B . but C . so D. despite 9. A. mouth B . mouthful C. mouthpieces D. mouthy 10. A. so B . yet C . but D. and   UNIT 4 FOR A BETTER COMMUNITY PART I. LANGUAGE FOCUS 1. Vocabulary community (n): cộng đông charity (n): hội từ thiện volunteer (n/v): người tình nguyện/tình nguyẹn disadvantaged (adj): thiệt thòi interact (v): tương tác, tiếp xúc concerned (adj): lo lăng aware (adj): nhận thức gain (v): có được fortunate (adj): may mắn ignorant (adj): ngu dot, thiếu hiểu biết narrow minded (adj): suy nghĩ nông cạn dedicated (adj): tận tụy attachment (n): sự gắn bó low-income (adj): thu nhập thấp remote (adj): xa xôi priority (n): sự ưu tiên urgent (adj): cấp bách donate (v): ủng hộ handicapped (adj): tàn tật martyr (n): liệt sĩ war invalid (n): thương binh direct (v): điều khiển, hướng dẫn independent (adj): độc lập contribute (v): đóng góp lawyer (n): luật sư violence (n): bạo lực non-profit (adj): phi lợi nhuận by chance (adv phr): tình cờ 2. Grammar 2.1 The past simple tense: thì quá khứ đơn 2.1.1. Form: +) s + V-e(d)/2 He went to the cinema. -) s + did not + V He did not go to the cinema. ?) Did +S + V? Did he go to the cinema? +) Note: Ở thì quá khứ đơn, thông thường ta thêm -ed vào sau động từ (V-ed), tuy nhiên những động từ bất quy tắc lại nằm ở cột thứ 2 trong Bảng động từ bất quy tắc và đó là lí do ta gọi là V-2. e.g. He used laptop to work. (V-ed) He met his friend. (V-2) 2.1.2. Use: Thì quá khứ đơn diễn tả hành động đã chấm dứt hoàn toàn trong quá khứ. e g. They visited Thailand last year. Now they are travelling in Europe. (Họ đã thăm Thái Lan nãm ngoái. Giờ họ đang đi du lịch Châu Ầu) +)Note: CQC trạng từ thường dùng với thì quá khứ đơn: yesterday, yesterday morning, ... last night, last month, last year,... 2 days, 3 years ago, ... in 1945, in 1975, ...in the 1990s,... 2.2. The past progressive tense: thì quá khứ tiếp diễn 2.2.1 Form: +) S + was/were + Ving They were watching T.V -) S + was/were not +V-ing They were not watching T.V ?) Was/Were +S + V-ing? Were they watching T.V? +) Note: was dùng với chủ ngừ là I và ngôi thứ 3 sổ ít (he, she, it, his mum, my teacher, ...), were dùng với chủ ngữ là các ngôi số còn lại. 2.2.2. Use: Thì quá khứ tiếp diền diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra tại 1 thời điếm cụ thể trong quá khứ. e.g. She was painting the fence at 10 A.m. yesterday. (Cô ấy đang sơn hàng rào lúc 10 giờ sáng hôm qua) +)Note: Các trạng từ thường dung với thì quá khử tiếp diễn: at 4 p.m., yesterday, ... at this/that time yesterday/last night/last month/ last year, ... 2.3. The past simple vs. the past progressive 2.3.1. Thì quá khứ đơn diễn tả chuỗi hành động xảy ra liên tiếp nhau trong quá khứ còn thì quá khứ tiếp diễn diễn tả các hành động xảy ra tại cùng 1 thời điểm trong quá khứ. e.g. Tom opened the door, came into the room and then turned on the light. (Tom mở cửa, vào phòng rối bật điện lên) At this time last month, she was taking care of her son, cooking and answering the phone. (Củng vào thời điểm này tháng trước, chị ây vừa đang trông con vừa nấu nướng và trả lời điện thoại) For a while last year, my teacher was working for several centers, studying for his MA degree and writing a book. (Chỉ trong một thời gian ngắn năm ngoái mà thầy giáo mình vừa làm việc cho một số trung tâm, học thạc sĩ và viết một cuốn sách) 2.3.2. Khi diễn tả một hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ thì có một hành động khác xen vào, ta dùng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra còn thì quá khứ đơn diễn tả hành động xen vào (Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn là bối cảnh để thì quá khứ đơn diễn ra). Trong trường hợp này ta thường dùng when hoặc while. e.g; He was doing his homework when the burglar came into the house. (Anh ấy đang làm bài tập thì tên trộm đột nhập vào nhà) It happened at 4 p.m. yesterday while she was watching the news on TV. (Chuyện đó diễn ra vào lúc 4 giờ chiều qua khi cô ấy đang xem tin tức trên tivi) +) Note: "while" thường đừng trước mệnh đề ở thì quả khứ tiếp diễn còn "when" thường đứng trước mệnh đề ở thì quá khứ đơn. Khi "while", "when" đứng đầu câu thì ta phải dùng dấu phẩy (,) giữa hai mệnh đề. "While" còn có thể dùng trong trường hợp diễn tả 2 hành động xảy ra cùng lúc. e.g. While she was doing the laundry, he was cleaning the floor. (Trong khi cô ấy đang giặt quần áo thì anh ấy đang lau nhà) 2.4. Adjective suffixes (hậu tố): -ed vs. -ing; -ful vs. -less 2.4.1. -ed vs. -ing: Tính từ có hậu tố -ing (boring, interesting, exciting, amazing, ...) chỉ bản chất của người hoặc vật còn tính từ có hậu tố -ed (bored, interested, excited, amazed, ...) chỉ cảm giác của ai đó. e.g. He is an exciting man. (Anh ấy là một người đàn ông thú vị) It is an exciting book. (Nó là một cuốn sách hay) I feel excited about this film/This film makes me feel excited. (Tôi càm thấy hào hứng về bộ phim này) 2.4.2 -ful vs -less Thông thường tính từ có hậu tố -ful (careful, useful, hopeful, ...) mang tính tích cực còn hậu tố -less (careless, useless, hopeless, ...) thì ngược lại. e g. He is a careful driver. (Anh ấy là một người lái xe cẩn thận) He is a careless driver. (Anh ấy là một người lái xe ẩu) 3. Pronunciation Consonant (phụ âm): /ŋ/ and consonat clusters (các cụm phụ âm): /-nd/ and /-nt/ 3.1. Phụ âm /ŋ/: Listen and repeat (Track 15): learning, working, banking, drinking, linking, sinking, drivir appreciating 3.2. Cụm phụ âm /-nd/: Listen and repeat (Track 16): underground, grind, scanned, banned, spend, fond, diamond, gram 5.3. Cụm âm /-nt/: Listen and repeat (Track 17):  PART II. PRACTICE 1. Listen, repeat each sentence and choose the word you hear (Track 18) 1. A banned B. bank  2. A. spent B. spend 3. A. grant B. grand 4. A. government B. governed 5. A. widening B. widened 2. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. They bought (buy) this house 7 years ago. 2. I decided (decide) to do a hotel management course in 2012 . 3. He was teaching (teach) English in this university at this time last year. 4. At 9 p.m. yesterday, Jack and Jill were not driving (not drive) home. 5. Her nephew was sitting (sit) on the couch and eating (eat) his breakfast at 7 yesterday morning. 6. Their family didn't want (not want) to move to Scotland last year. 7. Alan was listening (listen) to music and working (work) on his computer at that time last month. 8. We were driving (drive) when we realized (realize) that it was snowing more and more heavily. 9. Yesterday, our car broke down on the way home. While we were waiting (wait) for help, we sang (sing) lots of songs to keep ourselves cheerful. 10. Five years ago, I chose (choose) not to participate in that competition. 3. Complete the following sentences. 1. While he was digging in the garden, he found a lot of gold 2. Peter was sleeping when the burglar broke into his house. 3. She made us excited about the subject because she motivated us by using word games for learning. 4. Something similar happened while she was explaining us how to work the microscope. 5. Helen and Jessica weren’t able to see the concert because they forgot to bring the tickets. 4. Find and correct mistakes in the following sentences. 1. On their trip last year, they help a lot of disadvantaged and handicapped children. (helped) 2. At this time 4 years ago, we donate food and clothes to low-income people in remote area. (were donating)  3. When I work with them for the first time, many of them couldn’t read or write. (worked) 4. He was walking along the corridor when he was seeing a job advertisement on the notice board. (saw) 5. Suddenly we have to brake hard as the car in front stopped suddenly. (had to) PART III. TEST YOURSELF 1. Gap - filling: Choose the suitable words from the box to complete the sentences. 3. priority 1. hopeless 2. aware 9. interesting 7. continued 8. interested 5. volunteers 4. donate 6. directing 10. gain 1. Some of them were _________ at Math because they even couldn’t do the simplest calculation. 2. Young generation should find out more about the history of our country through interesting documentary films so that they become more _______ of national issues. 3. There are top important things to do to develop a country. Most of people agree that the first ______ is revolutionizing education.  4. You can _______ not only food and clothes but also time and work in the office of this organization. 5. We need experienced, creative and patient _______ to work as teachers at our Charity Centre. 6. Taking part in _________ the traffic is also a form of volunteer work in your community. 7. After that, he ________ to fight for the rights of poor people and became a hero for millions of people. 8. The love and affection for the handicapped orphans made her ________ in the job advertised. 9. For some people, this type of work has no fun, but he thinks that it is __________ 10.Volunteer work is agreat way to _________ experience in a broad range of fields. 2. Match each word/phrase on the left with its description on the right. 1. ignorant + d a. working hard at something because it is important to you 2. by chance + c b. an organization for helping people in need 3. dedicated + a c. without planning to 4. urgent + e d. lacking knowledge or information about something 5. charity + b e. needing to be dealt with immediately 3. Word formation: Give the correct form of the words in brackets. 1. At that time, colored people and white people were not treated equally and he fought for the rights of colored people. (equal) 2. Those disadantaged children have many problems and they really need our help. (advantage) 3. There are more and more youngsters who are interested in doing volunteer work. (interest) 4. I got some useful advice from my teacher. It was really helpful. (use) 5. He was very excited about this film because the main character motivated him to be more confident. (excite) 6. This season is very exciting. Millions of viewers have watched it since it first aired. (excite) 7. People who volunteer in their community have a personal attachment to the area. (attach)  8. He was a peaceful man and against all forms of violence. (peace) 9. In 1914, the British ruled India and Gandhi wanted the British to leave India so that the country could become independent. (depend) 10. Mother Teresa was said to be one of the most influential personalities of the twentieth century. (influence) 4. Choose the best answer. 1. By working for an international organization, he takes opportunities to have a worldwide network of friends and interact with a variety of people. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. relate to B. communicate with C. dedicate with D. roommate with 2. Tony: “It sounds interesting. How did you get the job?” ~ James: "________" A. Yes, it was really amazing. B. I received that interesting job in 2014. C. I got it last year. D. Just by chance. 3. This method seems to be _____ . A lot of students who follow it can improve their pronunciation quickly. A. use B. useful C. useless D. misused  4. Joining a hand in helping your community helps you gain experience _______ many fields such as education, social work and health care. A. in B . out C. during D. into 5. “While we were having dinner, the phone rang.” has the closest meaning to: A. While the phone was ringing, we had dinner. B. While the phone ringing, we had dinner. C. We were having dinner when the phone rang. D. While the phone was ringing, we having dinner. 6. This group of university students had to spend a ____ night preparing stuff for the following day. A. sleep B. slept C. sleepless D. sleeps 7. He was peaceful man and ________ all forms of violence. A for B. with C. again D. against 8. Your job is likely to include welcoming guests and receiving _______ for our Charity Centre. A. donate B. donations C. donors D. donated 9. This figure became interested in politics and ________ to leave his first university for protesting. A. force B. forced C. was forcing D. was forced 10. He continued to fight against the ruling government which was extremely cruel. The underlined word has the closest meaning to: A. structure B. struggle C. find D. discover 11. At first, her superiors tried to discourage her from leaving the convent, but in the end they ______ to let her go. A. agreed B. was agreeing C. to agree D. agreeing 12. After taking part in public activities in their community, they realized that they had been ignorant or _______ before. A. narrow-minded B. large-minded C. full-minded D. thin-minded 13. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. island B. plan C. bank D. pretend 14. We were travelling through the forest when we ________ a python. A. face B. was facing C. faced D. was faced 15. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. understand B. expand C. England D. sand 16. Do you get __________ if you have to work overtime? A. annoy B. to annoy C. annoying D. annoyed 17. Choose the answer which needs correcting. Do (A) you like playing computer (B) games or are you tiring (C) of them (D)? 18. Choose the answer which needs correcting. We were pretty (A) scary because we were skidding (B) and went off the road (C) into a (D) ditch. 19. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. accident B. prevent C. attachment D. encouragement 20. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. A. prolong B. song C. among D. strong 5. Rearrange the words/phrases to make meaningful sentences. 1. purchased / and / last / sister / a lot / his / of / Tom / novels / winter. Tom and his sister purchased a lot of novels last winter. 2. Christmas/ They / decorating / trees / 8 p.m. / were / yesterday, /at They were decorating Christmas trees at 8 p.m yesterday. 3. when /I / talking to / asked / a friend / the / me / teacher / a question./ was I was talking to a friend when the teacher asked me a question. 4. famous / She / was / became / awarded for / not only / her devotion. / but also She not only became famous but also was awarded for her devotion. 5. that / film / so / top / frightening /I / was / shouted / the / of my / at / voice./ The The film was so frightening that I shouted at the top of my voice. 6. Read the passage and choose the best answer. Volunteer in Spain
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